This Sunday, April 28th, most Spaniards will go to the polls to decide the future of the country. Many people outside of Spain don’t know these five interesting facts about the elections of 2019.
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Si bien es un tema ajeno para mi lo que pasa en Catalunya creo firmemente que la historia la escriben los pueblos y sus deseos de libertad/llibertat y no las constituciones añejas como la del Reino de España que considera al país eternamente indivisible y se olvida que los mapas de historia cambian siempre….ni siquiera la democracia puede asegurar un país Unido….si Cataluña quiere irse por algo será…Afortunadamente el Rey ya no puede enviar tanques, ni torturar, invadir, decapitar como en otros tiempos hicieron con su pueblo en la península y en las Américas….. Debió haber un referéndum en orden como pasó en Québec y en Escocia… pero España no fue capaz de hacerlo…aún sabiendo de los independentistas podrían haber perdido en una consulta … ¿Qué pasará ahora? #Catalunya #Cataluña #viscacatalunyalliure #independènciacatalana #catalonia
- The dialog about Catalonia’s independence is still on the spotlight for politicians
Catalonia has been one of the main exes of Spanish politics of the past few years. The attempt of independence of last year has caused a lot of confrontments amongst political parties because each of them has different opinions about it. But the question is, how many people are interested in Catalonia?
If we look at the CIS (Centre for Sociological Research in Spain), in October of 2017 28% of the Spanish people considered that this topic was the third important issue. But by now, only 7% of Spaniards believe this. Unemployment, the economy and politicians are the three issues that most concern us.
The CIS also gathers the wishes of the citizens. 37% of the surveyed wants to apply for a policy that combines the dialogue with law enforcement, and 35% is just asking for a dialogue. This means that around 72% of the Spanish people want to carry out a policy of mutual understanding. Meanwhile, 22% of them thinks it is necessary to apply a ‘strong hand’.
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“El poder del feminismo” // “The power of feminism” I Vol. 1 I ©️2019 · Sebastian Arabia I www.sebastianarabia.es — Hashtag collection: #ElPoderDelFeminismoSebastianArabia — Pie de foto / Cap: Una manifestante de organización, abre paso a la cabecera de la manifestación a su paso por Paseo Del Prado. I Fotografía realizada durante la manifestación y huelga general feminista del 8 de marzo, en Madrid. — Generic hashtag: #feminismo #feminista #feminismo #feminism #feminist #feministas #8mhuelga #colors #8mhuelgafeminista #noalmachismo #micromachismos #violenciadegenero #color #niunamenos #igualdad #sororidad #igualdaddegenero #españa #madrid #HeforShe #tothegirls #pinktax #womensupportingwomen #bindeersfullofwomen #women #spain #girlpower #womensrights #effyourbeautystandars #sebastianarabia
- Feminism is of growing importance
‘Unidas Podemos’, a left-wing party, wants to impulse the subject of feminism in schools. Also, PSOE (Socialist Party) is the first one who has the most significant number of women in their team worldwide.
Feminism entered directly in the electoral campaign. After the women’s strike, left-wing parties are claiming women’s rights. Meanwhile, the right-wing parties are criticising what they consider ‘radical feminism’. But, which are the real proposals of these parties? Let’s analyse a bit the real advances in fundamental issues as gender violence or labour inequality, and why now, many right-oriented people are considering about banning abortion… again.
As the CIS says, 60% of women doubt about which party to vote for in these elections. For the youngsters, this is the moment to require a real change. Sara: ‘I consider that there’s a lot of confusion about what the real meaning of feminism is. If they’d understood, they wouldn’t be calling us feminazis.’ Also, she sees the importance in giving the real attention to gender violence, as ‘one of three murdered girls didn’t denounce to the police, but the others two did, and nothing happened’.
One of the reasons for raising the feminist movement in Spain is the movement of March 15th, where thousands of people from different social groups gathered to demand a fair and more participative democracy. It’s for this reason and from this day that now women rights are one of the priorities.
What’s still necessary to do?
Sexism, inequality, ‘glass ceiling’, labour insecurity, chauvinist attitudes… are still part of Spanish society. As Eurostat says, women earn 15,1% less than men in their works, and many of the works women do are less recognised: cleaning and care work.
This is why some parties as Podemos thinks that it’s necessary to teach children about feminism. They say for Europa Press that ‘teaching is one of the most important things that we have to do in our society. We have to take into consideration this and propose this subject and more measures in the elections. Then, public education will have a subject on feminism.’
But all the main parties that participate in these elections are headed by men.
- This is the first year that we have an ultra-right party in the general elections (with representation): Vox
Vox is the name of the party, and this year the party is rising considerably due to their conservative ideas in politics. To make this clearer for you, the ideas of this party are similar to the ideas of the dictator Franco that governed the country 60 years ago. Yes, you understood right.
Vox also wants to follow Donald Trump’s plans, and they want to build walls all over the two enclaves that we have in the North of Africa to block the pass of migrants. They want to delete the ‘historical memory law’ too, which worked for taking off all the signs from the dictatorship that are still left on the streets.
Their purposes go even further: they promised to close all the mosques where they suspect that radical indoctrination is happening.
- The bipartisanship isn’t possible anymore
The Catalan issue and the significant amount of diversity in opinions about the government of Spain caused that by now, it’s impossible that we can reach a government with just one single party. The only way to create a government, as it’s almost impossible to have the absolute majority, is making a coalition with other parties. Generally, the right-wing parties gather, and the same goes for the left-wing parties, but sometimes this isn’t like this. Sometimes, with the only aim of governing, they ally with whom they’re more interested in.
- The environment is more present than ever in electoral proposals
The environment, climate change, the energy transition or pollution are topics that concern citizens more and more. For this reason, electoral plans took many measures to keep our environment safe that we haven’t seen before.
It’s true that some parties don’t have anything to say about the environment, but others are now talking about ecological transition and decarbonisation. The main right-wing party and the two main left-wing parties want to impulse the ‘Green New Deal’, to obtain a leadership process in the decarbonisation of the global economy. That’s why they are willing to have 74% of the energy renewable by 2030. Also, they will encourage self-consumption and a timetable for the closure of nuclear power plants.
To combat climate change, they propose the Sustainable Mobility Strategy, the digital transformation of transport and the planning of infrastructure investments.
As for water, they point to a water policy, which would include the finalisation of the Green Paper on governance and the National Plan for Water Purification, Sanitation, Efficiency, Saving and Reuse.
They also want to achieve a State Pact for Industry and a Sustainable Tourism Strategy by 2030, with the participation of the autonomous communities and agents of the sector, as well as the creation of green jobs. With the aim of “advancing towards the goal of zero waste”, they propose promoting circular economy and the transposition of the European Plastics Directive.
All Spanish society is expectant for what will happen next Sunday. Our vote will decide if some of these practices are done or not.
Text: Carmen Moya Tárraga, picture: © Element5 Digital